Bordeaux is a well-known wine region in France. It is the most popular in the world, situated on the West coast of France.
History Of Bordeaux
The region of Bordeaux is full of interesting mysteries. The origin of the name Bordeaux is one of these very interesting facts about the city.
You can date Bordeaux wine back to nearly 2000 years ago. In the Roman times, vineyards were planted in the region.
During the Middle Ages, the Bordeaux region was opened up to the English due to a marriage between Henry Plantagenet and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Over time, the region opened up to the rest of the world. It slowly became what it is today, the most popular wine region in the world.
Now, onto what we’re all really here for. Bordeaux is very famous for its wine. So much so , that the name of the city can be used alone to describe the wine that is produced there.
The city is filled with different vineyards.
Bordeaux is the biggest and most popular wine region in the world. By the time you finish reading this article, you will understand everything you need to know about Bordeaux region and its wines.
In Bordeaux, there are over 7500 different wine producers with nearly 120,000 hectares of vines. This means that there are close to 75 million cases of wine made each year in Bordeaux.
When Did Bordeaux Become A Popular Wine Region?
Want to thank someone for the beautiful city of Bordeaux? Thank the Ancient Romans. They were the first people to begin cultivating the area.
It has been a very popular wine region for thousands of years.
The way that we know Bordeaux, though, stems from around the 1600’s. Much of the region was cultivated around this time and it became what it is today.
The 2 Parts Of Bordeaux
Bordeaux is split up into 2 parts. These are the Left Bank and the Right Bank. The two winemaking regions are separated because of two rivers and an estuary.
The city is split in two by the Gironde Estuary which divides into two rivers: the Dordogne and the Garonne.
The Left Bank
The left bank is famous for wines dominated by Cabernet Sauvignon. In the left bank, you will find the wines that are famous from the 1955 classifications of the Medoc.
The Right Bank
In the right bank, wines like Merlot are produced. It is also where Petrus and Cheval Blanc are made.
The right bank will also contain wines such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot, Malbec and Carmenere. Merlot is the most famous wine, though!
The soils in this part of the region are made from clay and limestone.
The clay in the soil gives the wine a plush, opulent character. Because the wines are made from Merlot, you shouldn’t be fooled into thinking that the wines can’t age well.
These wines can age just as well as the wines from the Left Bank.
The wines from the Right Bank offer great textures and fruity flavors with soft tannins.
Terroir, Soil And Climate In Bordeaux
This allows for the big differences and similarities between wines that are made in Bordeaux. There are 60 alternative appellations in Bordeaux.
White Wine Vs Red Wine In Bordeaux
Bordeaux is often seen to be famous for its red wines as 90% of the region is devoted to producing red wine. However, while this is the case, Bordeaux is capable of producing lots of great white wines, too.
These wines are often made from Semillon, Sauvignon Gris and Sauvignon Blanc. The white wines in Bordeaux are known to be very sweet.
They have been affected by noble rot which is what makes them so sweet.
Left Bank Vs Right Bank Vintages
The right bank and left bank areas in Bordeaux both make very good long-lived wines. These wines are especially great when they are produced in the right vintage conditions.
You will hear both right bank and left bank vintage being referred to, which depends upon conditions that favor either later-ripening grapes such as Cabernet Sauvignon or earlier-ripening grapes like Merlot.
The production of good vintage wines, however, are not as simple as they sound. It is very dependent upon different variables such as cellar management, to soil types.
Weather is also a big factor as it differs from year to year.
The famous red Bordeaux wine is best when it is served at 15.5 degrees Celsius, or 60 degrees Fahrenheit. This is a very cool temperature for a red wine.
It is a good idea to decant young vintage wines for 1 or 2 hours depending on the type of wine.
Usually, the more expensive the wine is, the more decanting that it might need. Less expensive wines don’t need decanting in order to be delicious.
When you decant the wine, it allows the oxygen to interact with the wine, making it soften and open up.
Red Bordeaux is best when it is served with lots of different meat dishes. For instance, pork, beef, lamb, duck, chicken, the list goes on!
Dry white Bordeaux wine is perfect to serve with shellfish, sushi, and all other types of seafood.
You can also serve this wine with meat, however, red wine is recommended in this case as it compliments the flavors slightly more.
Is Bordeaux A Heritage Site?
Bordeaux is a historic city that was given the UNESCO World Heritage Site title in 2007.
The families of Bordeaux are rich because of the wines in Bordeaux, making their money by shipping and trading with other countries.
These wine-growing areas and wine-trading houses became very prosperous due to the scale of the wine region.
Bordeaux is a region on the west coast of France. It is a very famous wine region and it is the most popular in the world, producing over 75 million cases of wine a year.
Now you should have all the information you need about the meaning of Bordeaux.