South African Pinotage has long been a controversial wine varietal. Born in the 1920s from a cross between Pinot Noir and Cinsault grapes, Pinotage has been known for its earthy and smoky flavors that some people love and others find off-putting.
Despite this mixed reputation, South Africa has continued to produce large quantities of Pinotage each year, with many top producers and winemakers using it as a flagship variety. However, with changing tastes and increased competition in the global wine market, it may be time for South Africa to rethink its approach to Pinotage.
A Short History – The South African Grape variety
Pinotage is a red wine grape variety that is indigenous to South Africa. The grape was first cultivated in 1925 by Abraham Izak Perold, who crossed the Pinot noir and Cinsaut varieties. The crossing of these two varietals aimed at creating a grape that could thrive in South Africa’s hot climate while still producing high-quality wines.
The name Pinotage comes from the combination of the two parent grapes’ names – Pinot noir and Hermitage (which is another name for Cinsaut). For many years, Pinotage was considered an inferior grape variety due to its intense flavors and aromas, which some found challenging to appreciate. However, with time, winemakers producing pinotage have learned how to manage these qualities better, resulting in high-quality wines that are now enjoyed around the world.
Bad Reputation of Pinotage
Pinotage used to have a bad reputation for being an unrefined and harsh wine. This grape varietal was created in South Africa in the early 1920s by crossing Pinot Noir and Cinsaut (known as Hermitage at the time). However, it wasn’t until the 1950s that Pinotage became widely planted in South Africa. Unfortunately, many winemakers at the time didn’t know how to properly cultivate or ferment this grape, resulting in wines with unpleasant flavors of burnt tobacco, rubber and acetone.
For years, Pinotage was known as a “love it or hate it” wine. The few who appreciated its unique characteristics saw potential in what others overlooked. Slowly but surely, winemakers began experimenting with different techniques to improve Pinotage’s quality.
Modern Pinotage Wine
Modern Pinotage wines are a testament to how far this grape variety has come since it was first introduced in South Africa. In the past, Pinotage was known for producing rustic and tannic wines that were difficult to drink without significant aging. However, winemakers today have revolutionized the way Pinotage is grown and produced, resulting in a new generation of elegant and complex wines.
One of the key changes that has been made to modern Pinotage is the way it is harvested. Instead of being picked at full ripeness, grapes are now harvested earlier in order to retain their acidity and freshness. This results in more refined flavors and smoother tannins. Additionally, more winemakers are experimenting with various maturation techniques such as oak aging or concrete eggs which can add complexity and depth to these wines.
Taste and Flavor Profile
Pinotage is a distinctive red wine grape variety that was created in South Africa in the early 20th century. It is a hybrid of two other grape varieties, Pinot Noir and Cinsaut, and has become one of South Africa’s signature wines. The taste profile of Pinotage is complex and diverse, with many different flavors and aromas.
One of the most notable characteristics of Pinotage is its dark color, which ranges from deep ruby to almost black. The wine typically has a medium to full body with moderate tannins and high acidity, making it an excellent choice for aging. The flavor profile deep red wines can vary depending on the winemaker’s style and the growing conditions, but common flavors include black cherry, plum, raspberry, smoke, spice, leather, earthy notes.
Grapes and Wine Regions
Pinotage grapes, a signature South African varietal, are the result of cross-breeding between Pinot Noir vines and Cinsault grape varieties. Developed in 1925 by Dr. Abraham Perold, it was initially regarded as an experimental grape variety until its commercial release in the late 1940s. The wine produced from Pinotage grapes is known for its deep red color with a fruity and earthy flavor profile.
The Stellenbosch region on the western cape is considered to be the home of Pinotage grapes and is also one of South Africa’s oldest wine regions. The area has been producing wines since the late 1600s but gained recognition for its excellent quality wines only in recent decades. Other regions that have recently started producing quality Pinotage wines include Swartland, Walker Bay, and Elgin.
Fruit Flavors of Pinotage wine
Pinotage is a unique South African red wine varietal that has become increasingly popular around the world in recent years. One of the most distinctive features of this wine is its fruit flavors, which are often described as being rich and complex. Some of the most common fruit flavors found in Pinotage include blackberry, cherry, plum, and raspberry.
These fruit flavors are typically complemented by a range of other notes such as vanilla, oak, and spice. The exact flavor profile of Pinotage can vary depending on a number of factors including the region where it was produced and the specific winemaking techniques used. However, one thing that is consistent across all Pinotages is their boldness and intensity. This makes them an ideal choice for those who enjoy full-bodied wines with plenty of character.
Acidity of Pinotage
The wines produced from this grape are known for their deep color, fruity aroma and flavor. However, there has been much debate about the acidity levels in Pinotage wines. Some people assert that they are too high while others argue that they are just right.
Effect of Acidity in Pinotage Wine
Pinotage wines generally have a medium to high acidity level which makes them perfect for pairing with food. The acidity helps to cut through the rich flavors of meat dishes and also accentuates the subtle nuances of lighter cuisine like seafood or salads. Additionally, the acidity in Pinotage wines helps to preserve them over time and allows them to age gracefully.
However, some critics feel that excessive acid can distract from the overall experience of drinking Pinotage wine. They believe that an overly acidic wine can be unbalanced and unpleasant on the nose and palate.
Tannins of Pinotage
Tannins are an interesting and essential component of wine, providing structure and adding complexity to the flavor profile. Pinotage is a varietal that is known for its bold tannins, which can be both a strength and a weakness depending on your preferences.
Effect of Tannins in Pinotage Wines
The tannins in Pinotage come from the grape skins and seeds during fermentation and the winemaking process. These molecules are responsible for creating a dry sensation in your mouth, which can be particularly noticeable in young wines. However, with proper aging, these tannins soften and become more integrated into the wine.
When enjoying Pinotage, it’s important to note that its tannin profile varies depending on where it was grown and how it was vinified. In general, though, you can expect to smell and taste notes of black fruit and smoke alongside those drying sensations.
Pinotage and Food
Pinotage is a unique and complex red wine that originated in South Africa. It is known for its bold flavors and aromas, which range from ripe berries to smoky oak. In terms of food pairing, Pinotage is one of the most versatile wines out there. Whether you’re enjoying a spicy or savory dish, chances are good that a great Pinotage will complement it perfectly.
One classic pairing for Pinotage is grilled meats such as steak or lamb chops. The bold flavor of the wine pairs well with the charred exterior of grilled meats, while also cutting through any fattiness in the meat itself. Another popular option is to pair Pinotage with hearty stews or casseroles. These dishes often have rich flavors and textures that can stand up to the intensity of this wine.